All You Need to Know About Transistors
A transistor which is used in the amplification and the control of electric current is a solid state device which is created from a semiconducting material. Transistors are packaged together to form an integrated circuit.Transistors are used in various applications, and that is why they have turned out to be the most commonly used components in the word of electronics.
Transistors were first used to make office telephone switches. After transistors were used in hearing aids, that is when most individuals got to know about transistors in 1952. But these days transistors are being used in televisions, tape recorders, radios, burglar and fire alarms, video games, handheld calculators and in all the different types of controls from speed controls that are found in motors and drills to light dimmers.
Due to the great demand for new technologies in 1948, scientists created the first transistor during that year. The world of electronics would be revolutionized after the discovery of transistors. As a matter of fact, this has come to pass. Scientists have put more of their efforts into doing more research into surface science, crystal growth, solid state diffusion and other areas that are related to the study of transistors.
John Bardeen and Walter H. Brattain both of Bell telephone laboratories jointly worked together to invent the point-contact transistor. However, the creation of the commercial junction transistor was made possible by the two with the help of William Shockley who also worked at the Bell Telephone Laboratories. In 1956; they were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for their commendable job.
Due to the high demand for new electronic components, there was a need to create new technologies to suit the different disciplines and techniques. As such, some of the transistors that were produced included the grown-junction germanium, the point-contact germanium, the alloy-silicon based and the surface germanium, as well as the field effect transistors, also referred to as the FET, and the junction field effect transistor abbreviated as JFET.
Most transistors devices undergo the planar process which involves building individual components of transistors and later connecting them. At this stage, FET, and silicon MOS elements are included. Currently, there are variations of transistors which include the thyristor commonly known as the Silicon Controlled Rectifier (SCR) and the triacs which regulate high-current and control industry.
Irrespective of whether you are looking for NPN, PNP, Super Beta or Log Conformance, you should find an electronic manufacturing company that will provide you with the best transistor. All you have to do is examine how long the company has been in operation and if it holds a good reputation in creating the best transistors that align with clients’ needs.